This chapter discusses how basic human needs are met and highlights the need for nurses and midwives who work in person-centred ways, to have an appreciation of how the individual, the family and the community environment operate as a dynamic system. The concept of systems theory as a way of thinking about factors that impact upon health and illness needs of individuals and communities, is introduced. An overview of Neuman's Systems Model (1989) as a way of thinking about the interrelationships among these is presented. Neuman's Systems Model is an example of a nursing theory that describes stressors and enablers of health that can be related to basic human needs. Neuman's model is very person-centred as it has a very strong emphasis on viewing the individual as a complete person.
Fundamentals of Nursing and Midwifery: A Person-Centred Approach to Care p. 38-55